The arms granted by King Richard II. to Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.
Roger Mowbray, a noble Norman, came from Normandy with William the Conqueror. By that Prince he was created Earl of Northampton in 1066. He was the first of the name in England, and the ancestor of all the Mowbrays. The Dukes of Norfolk, who were of the same race, carry the same arms to show their descent.
The first of the Scottish Branch (from which the Irish are an offshoot), in 1461, is Philip de Mowbray, witness to the charters of King Alex'. II. He and his wife gave a charter of the lands of Inverkerthing to the Abbey of Dumfermerline, dated Edinburgh, July, 1304. The witnesses are Emerganda, the Queen, and the Bishop of St. Andrews.
The property of Galfredus, the Mowbray Grandson of the above Philip, was forfeited for adhering to the cause of Balial, who contended for the crown of Scotland. On his obtaining possession of the Throne, James Mowbray, the son of the above G., took possession of the lands belonging to his father, but dying without male issue, they were divided betwixt his three daughters and their husbands, three Englishmen, upon which, their Uncle went over to the interests of King Robert the Bruce, leaving one daughter, who succeeded to the lands of Barnbougle; which remain in the family to this day. He left a son, David Mowbray of Barnbougle, who was one of the hostages sent to England for the ransom of King James the 1st of Scotland. - - - Copied from Nesbitt's Scottish Heraldry, vol. 1, pages 306 and 307, Edinburgh, in the year 1762.
The old and honorable name of Mowbray, from records of undoubted veracity, are said to have come to Scotland in the year 1200. The arms of the family are Lion Rampant, and the crowns, from very old charters and seals, are intended to represent the loyalty and devotion displayed by David Mowbray for his King (King James the 1st of Scotland), in the year 1412, and as a perpetual memorial for the services done to the Crown in that Expedition. The good action done to King James the 1st, is not the first signal of services performed by them for their country and sovereign, for I find among those Noble Patriots, Dukes, Earls, Lords, and Barons, that Roger Mowbray is the first Baron who signed that incomparable piece asserting their religion, loyalty, and liberty, directed by way of letter to Pope John the XXII, dated at the Abbey of Abberbarthwick, the sixth of April, 1320, and the fifteenth year of King Robert the Bruce's reign.
The exact line of the Cockarvney branch succeeded the Barnbougle, which became extinct in 1675, which branch continues in possession to this day.
In the family there are 10 Barons, 6 Lords, and 10 Knights.
The arms, Lion Rampant, shows the Norman descent. The crowns, the devotion to the King, in David Mowbray, in 1400, to King James the 1st, then in captivity in England.
The supporters have no particular significance, further than that no family, unless those Noble, are entitled to use supporters. The crest, a woman's head, may have some reference to the family having terminated on three occasions, in a female heir. The motto, Vincet Amor Patri, "Love of Country Conquers." - - - From Playfair's Family Antiquity, vol. 2, page 64.
This text is from an undated, hand-written document on thin parchment from the estate of my great-great-grandfather, Thomas Howard Mowbray. CORRECTIONS: The person who came to England with William of Normandy was Geoffrey de Montbray, who became Earl of Northumberland, not Northampton. Roger was a much later son. Geoffrey's nephew succeeded Geoffrey, and died childless. The widow of this nephew married Nigel d'Albini, and their son Roger d'Albini had his name changed to de Mowbray because he inherited the lands of Geoffrey's nephew.
- - - Thomas Lawrence Mowbray
King Richard II. with Thomas Mowbray
and Henry Bolingbrooke